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Breaking the Silos towards knowledge co-production in Real World Labs using Serious Games

The Directed project has four Real World Labs (RWLs) which are bringing together multiple stakeholders across disciplines, sectors and professions to work together to strengthen their resilience to disasters and adapt to climate change. Each Real World Lab will utilise different interactive methods and tools to facilitate communication, build relationships and co-produce knowledge among stakeholders.  RWL hosts are encouraged to explore and experiment with such tools with support from within the Directed consortium. The Risk-Tandem Framework is guiding efforts in the labs towards enhancing risk governance through co-production, while each lab will contribute to the co-design of a Data Fabric to enhance information accessibility and systems interoperability across stakeholders.

The ‘Breaking the Silos’ game (de Ruiter et al. 2021) was applied during the Risk-Tandem training workshop with Real World Lab hosts and other Directed consortium members, at the Erftverband headquarters in Bergheim, Germany on the 21st of September 2023. The game is designed to increase Disaster Risk Management (DRM) practitioners’ awareness of the complexities of natural hazards, their impacts and risk reduction measures while supporting a shift from single-risk to multi-risk thinking. The game was originally conceived as a face-to-face game but as a result of COVID-19 restricting its testing and application, it was then designed to be played remotely using a MIRO board and videoconferencing software. The application of the game in the Directed project was played face-to-face and we reflect on its set-up, gameplay, and learning for moving forward with RWLs in the Directed project.

Game set-up

The moderator presents a simulated disaster situation and asks participants in the game to take on a range of professional roles usual within a disaster situation. With leadership from the Game President and guidance from the Game Minister for Finance, the stakeholders must agree on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures to respond and recover from the impacts, while preparing and mitigating future impacts from multi-hazard impacts, within a budget of 30,000 coins.  A test run of the game was played online to familiarize the moderator, Minister for Finance and the President with their roles and explore the best transition to an in-person setting within the workshop.

The stakeholder roles were completed in pairs, including the international aid and emergency response representative, the agricultural representative, national housing chief, engineering, the national flood agency coordinator and citizen representation. The game board with the fictional map of the country (divided into different cells or areas) was placed on a pinboard at the top of the room with all participants sitting in a roundtable setting facing the board.  The materials for each role were taken from the original MIRO board and printed out including 1) the role description, highlighting their expertise and existing relationships, 2) specific hazard or exposure knowledge (via maps or otherwise) and 3) DRR measures including the time for implementation, the cost and any constraints or interdependencies with other measures.

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Game play

After the stakeholders familiarised themselves with their roles and DRR measures, the moderator presented the first storyline. The country was impacted by a high-intensity storm, affecting eight areas in the country, resulting in 52,800 people affected, 640 buildings affected, as well as 4 hospitals, 3 airports and one agricultural area. The stakeholders were given time to think about the measures that they wanted to implement, and some used this opportunity to move around the room and discuss with other stakeholders. The President then started a roundtable discussion asking each stakeholder to exchange thoughts on measures and make proposals.

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After a contentious discussion, tough leadership from the Game President and continuous number-juggling by the Minister for Finance, the stakeholders came to a collective decision. They decided to reconstruct the four hospitals and three airports, evacuate the impacted population in six areas, reconstruct buildings in two areas, implement nature-based solutions (NBS) in two coastal areas, construct one dike, a flood early warning system along two areas in one river catchment and plant normal crops in two areas. The recovery objectives were met, and 5000 additional coins were provided for round two.  Unfortunately, the measures implemented did not protect against the extreme flood that followed the first disaster eleven months later. Some of the measures, including NBS were not effective within the timeframe.


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Extracts from Breaking the Silos Serious Game

The game was expected to take two hours to play two rounds and a debriefing session, however given additional deliberation needed to reach consensus on the DRR measures for round 1, it was not possible to complete round 2 in the timeframe. The game play demonstrated the power of knowledge and the set-up made it more difficult to share information, when compared to the MIRO board in the online version. In round 2, it was envisioned that the President would be supported by a mediator and that all stakeholders would have easier access to all the knowledge from different stakeholders, and create a more inclusive space for co-producing knowledge and developing consensus.

Learning for Real World Labs

Enabling non-hierarchical collaboration

The facilitation style of the President was hierarchical and top-down, while the individual stakeholders had uncompromising demands, creating a chaotic and disruptive atmosphere in the room. The time and financial pressure of the situation forced the President to ignore request of multiple stakeholders and focus on meeting the recovery needs to keep in budget.

Participants recognised the pressure on the President to absorb all the information and debate it while balancing different interests and rules. The game was realistically designed to show the power of the President to support the favoured interests of certain stakeholders, namely the agricultural representative. This resulted in the agricultural representatives taking a back seat in the discussions. 

Participants agreed that this captured reality and playing the game affirmed the need for creating more continued spaces for multi-stakeholder collaboration. Multiple participants noted that if the information had been transparently shared before the meeting, and if there had been more time for bilateral discussions and knowledge exchange between stakeholders and the President, it would have enabled a more democratic decision-making process. Another suggestion was to involve and prioritise relevant agencies in the final decision, for example, the national flood agency for flood-hazard DRR.

“… we need lower hierarchies and direct channels of communication instead of centralised communication to find better solutions.” (RIFS)

Experiencing reality through play

Participants enjoyed playing the game, finding it a fun and engaging way to learn about the complexity of decision-making for DRR. Playing the game ignited interest in the RWLs hosts to engage in such interactive exercises with their stakeholders, through games or otherwise. The game helped participants recognise and better understand the different roles at play in disaster risk management. However, it was noted that some actors were missing, such as the private sector. Citizens’ concerns were also largely ignored –especially when they became ‘difficult to talk to’. Participants could feel the pressure on decision-making, amplified by the limited time, constrained funding, multiple hazards, interdependent DRR measures and varied multi-stakeholder relationships and preferences. 

The President played the game during the test round and found that Zoom acted like a filter for stakeholders to hold back on talking over one another. Although it is a game, it was effective in demonstrating the strong opinions, emotions and preferences people hold after an event.

“The game mode is not that unrealistic, it is accelerating our mindset to a position we would naturally be in because we experienced this disaster or could provide information.” (TUBS)

I got into gaming mode and it was all about winning. I had less tendency to look at it as real and the need to compromise and find a solution.” (Region Hovedstaden)

As a result of the serious game the Directed Real World Labs have expressed interest in simulation exercises for large-scale hazard events to better understand communication channels, data flows, decision rules and resulting actions. The Danish RWL added that this game could be used for such purposes, but it would need to be very context and location specific, so each actor can compare it to their own situation. Models and tools within the project could support such developments, e.g. SaferPlaces (a flood simulation and management tool, within the Directed Project). This may also involve expanding the specific roles e.g. insurance sector, hydro-meteorological agencies. 

Proactive citizen engagement

In the game-play, the citizen representatives were very demanding and created a tense atmosphere in the room, and were subsequently cornered out of the final decisions. Participants highlighted the emotional aspect of the game and resulted in discussions on how to best involve, listen to and support affected citizens in their RWLs.

“During our workshop I see these kinds of discussions and they are emotional, and the game captured this realistically. What is not realistic from our case is that the engineers ignore the citizens.” (Erft Verband)

The Danish RWL explained that it is not always helpful to involve citizens in the direct decisions during an event. Their RWL stakeholders need support on how to provide clear communication, information and guidance to citizens on how they can support the response and recovery efforts. For longer-term planning, it was emphasised that a mediator is needed to engage with affected citizens or their representatives as well as actors to support their health and emotional needs e.g. mental health services.

Information availability and use for decision-making

The participants reflected on both the challenge to digest information in a short period and the feeling of lacking information to make decisions. During the game-play roundtable, the stakeholders rarely used the available evidence to convince the President and justify certain measures e.g. the citizens had indigenous knowledge on observed flood events and droughts that was not used.

“I found it overwhelming, the number of hazards we need to consider, and how many different solutions we have.” (52 North)

Participants found it useful to go and talk to different stakeholders to collect information, but it was easily forgotten when they left, demonstrating the need to visualise the information at the same time. One participant expected that in reality you would receive more information about the damage extent to make better decisions about the costly protection of the hospitals and airports. Another participant emphasised that a clearer process was needed to ensure all the information was used, and voices heard to reach consensus on the selected measures.

This learning will inform the Data Fabric development, which would aim to bring the evidence together and create a collective or interactive view to support decision-making. 

Strengthening communication

Playing the game highlighted the need for strong communication and knowledge-sharing systems among stakeholders to ensure information flows when hazards are imminent and for longer-term planning. This is something which the Data Fabric is aiming to address in the RWLs.

  “It is not enough to have the phone number of someone with a risk map, you need them in the room and be able to share their skills to interpret the information.” (Region Hovedstaden)

Participants reflected that you can easily rely on the information that is being accessed by the actors you already know and collaborate with, agreeing that you need to invest in strengthening the weaker relationships and communication channels to understand what knowledge, data and resources they have and how to include this in your decision-making. The RWL approach aims to do this by bringing together familiar and unfamiliar stakeholders to co-produce knowledge during the planning phase, which can build the foundation for better collaboration during emergency situations. 

Overall the game provided a useful tool to un-pick the challenges surrounding disaster risk governance and demonstrated the need for more knowledge co-production for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation decision-making. Playing the game reaffirmed the value of Directed Real World Labs to create an open multi-stakeholder space for continued dialogue, knowledge exchange, learning and action to strengthen disaster resilience. The Risk-Tandem framework and the Data Fabric being developed and applied in the Real World Labs will help sustain the multi-stakeholder collaboration.

For more information on the Breaking the Silos Game

Game instructions and resources:

Scientific publication: de Ruiter, M. C., Couasnon, A. A., & Ward, P. J. (2021). Breaking the Silos: an online serious game for multi-risk DRR management. Geoscience Communication Discussions, 2021, 1-21. Available at:

Written By:

Dr. Lydia Cumiskey, MaREI Centre, University College Cork and Janne Parviainen, Stockholm Environment Institute, Oxford

With thanks to Dr. Marleen de Ruiter (Institute for Environmental Studies, VU Amsterdam) for providing additional guidance on applying the game in the Directed project.


The DIRECTED Project is developing a taxonomy of terminologies used by local communities for climate risk and resilience, improving the ‘Connectivity Hub’ developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute

The DIRECTED (Disaster resilience for extreme climate events through improved data accessibility, communication and risk governance) project is developing an open-source taxonomy informed by conversations with local stakeholders in real-world lab settings. Co-exploring local perceptions of risk and governance will provide useful insights into the types of terminology used to describe risk and resilience as well as the perspectives arising across different locations and contexts. We are being helped to do this using, and further development of a ‘Connectivity Hub’, being innovated by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)

The Connectivity Hub aims to help climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) communities work together. SEI and partners are now taking steps to enhance this high-tech search-and-discovery tool to help people in these two related fields find potential synergies and communicate more effectively with one another.

As the impacts of climate change become more evident, adaptation and disaster risk are attracting more and more urgent attention. People across the world are searching for accurate, up-to-date information about ways to adapt to the impacts of climate change and to take steps to limit the level of risk of climate-related disasters.

Though there is a vast amount of information online, most resources are fragmented. The situation only reinforces the prevailing absence of coordination and the tendency for people in one field to confine their work to a given silo, rather than interacting with people in other fields to gain new perspectives and insights, and to coordinate where possible.

How can people working on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction find the information they want – or information they may be unaware of but may find useful? How can they be sure that such information is up-to-date, accurate and applicable to their situation? How can they learn from one another’s work?

The Connectivity Hub, a unique search-and-discovery tool seeks to address these needs. The hub was designed to connect data and resources to address and solve part of this coordination and collaboration puzzle. Leveraging tools, such as taxonomies and knowledge graphs, the hub creates a shared understanding of language and terminology used across different domains and platforms – and a place for people who use this information to connect.


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The Connectivity Hub – Stockholm Environment Institute

Try the Connectivity Hub here: Connectivity Hub

Reducing fragmentation of information

The Connectivity Hub, is part of the wider European Union project, the PLAtform for Climate Adaptation and Risk reduction (PLACARD), which aims to be the recognized platform for dialogue, knowledge exchange and collaboration between the climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) communities. The PLACARD interchange seeks to provide direction to research, policy and practices that can strengthen cooperation and counter fragmentation between these two related communities.

The Connectivity Hub is designed to provide a highly visual, interactive and comprehensive overview of potentially related issues addressed by these two research and practice communities. A search through the hub can:

  • generate a dynamic and interactive online visualization of the landscape of relevant organizations and activities that connect climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction knowledge networks.
  • create a cluster of information by sector, decision focus, geographical scope and risk  ̶  with an emphasis on key messages and lessons learned.
  • guide users to content that helps them find relevant evidence, expertise, tools and methods, and good practice insights, and to make contact with organizations and peers at work on related issues.

Advancing the Connectivity Hub’s scope

Capacities of the Connectivity Hub are also being advanced the Horizon Europe project:

The MAIA (Maximising impact and accessibility of European climate research) project is reviewing existing taxonomies and vocabularies focusing on climate change and disaster risk to explore how they can add value to one another and fill knowledge gaps. This will refine and expand the connections in the Hub, helping users to discover more information and organizations relevant to their work. MAIA is using a machine-learning approach to analyse selected EU project documents for keywords. This will help

  • maximize the relevance of MAIA taxonomy topic areas and scope
  • ensure that existing climate research is accurately described and connected together
  • facilitate the planned input of further climate adaptation and mitigation projects into the Connectivity Hub.

MAIA and DIRECTED will also provide opportunities to test the accuracy and usability of the MAIA taxonomy. Once the taxonomy has been further developed and its scope narrowed, expert consultations will be undertaken to ensure that the terminology and semantic relationships are accurate. The clarity of terms and their definitions will also be tested with stakeholders in the real-world labs. These tests will help maximize the widespread applicability of the taxonomy.

“The increasing ability to harness data and to repurpose it in innovative, visually powerful ways provides new avenues for learning from existing initiatives, and for accelerating the bridging of science to action”, said SEI Senior Research Fellow Sukaina Bharwani, who leads the project.

For more information look at this video:

For more information about the Connectivity Hub contact: or

01 Copenhagen

Real World Lab - The Capital Region of Denmark

Seeking to improve future governance and access to data for climate emergencies

On the 3rd of March, 2023 the first ‘Real World Lab’ of the DIRECTED Project took place, led by the Capital Region of Denmark and the Danish Technical University (DTU) in Hillerød, Denmark. The Lab brought together practitioners, primarily from local municipalities and emergency services in the region, for the first of a range of meetings over the next four years. The meetings will assist in their ability to improve preparation and response to extreme climate events by improving governance systems and providing tailored information to the many actors involved in both emergency response efforts and long-term climate adaptation. The DIRECTED partnership seeks to develop a clear and manageable climate emergencies governance system and bring together interoperable disaster forecasting, climate change risk assessment and adaptation planning tools into one easily usable ‘Data Fabric’ that will enable the necessary information getting into the hands of multiple local stakeholders. Participants in the Lab will collaborate to share knowledge on dealing with and planning for extreme climate events, and to co-produce and test a range of decision support tools.

The Lab is in response to extreme events such as the 2013, Storm Bodil (also known as Storm Xavier, Sinterklaasstorm and Sven) that caused the highest wind gusts ever recorded in Denmark hitting 135 – 153 km/h on the North Atlantic Coast and killing one woman in Denmark and 19 people across Europe. It caused severe damage across the region resulting from wind damage, severe flooding and coastal storm surges. Insurance companies across Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany reported insured losses of €680 million.  This event and the potential for other extreme events in the future are driving the partnership to focus on how we might reduce casualties, damage and losses in the future. The ‘Real World Lab’ approach will help local authorities and first responders to better plan for extreme climate events, such as Storm Bodil and assist in the prevention, adaptation and resilience planning at municipality level.
Emilie Rønde Nielsen, Special Consultant for Mobility, Climate, Innovation & Education, at the Capital Region Denmark said “The workshop highlighted the challenges of planning and communicating in an era of climate change uncertainty, both when it comes to extreme climate events but also in terms of longer-term climate change adaptation. Thanks to the committed participants, we gained a detailed insight into the complexities of these processes, as well as an insight into the cross-sectional approach that is needed to overcome silos and enable interoperability.”

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Storm ‚Bodil‘ at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde in 2016

What is a Real World Lab?

Real World Labs create collaborative environments for learning and innovation through co-production workshops, demonstrations and training, as well as promoting multi-level collaborative risk governance among actors managing disaster risk and climate adaptation. They seek to work with a range of stakeholders from all levels of governance, including representatives from government, academia, industry and civil society to understand the information needs and co-produce solutions, capturing synergies across Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation, and strengthening resilience against climate change, extreme weather and multi-risk events.

Results of the First Real World Lab

The municipality officers, emergency responders, The Danish Emergency Management and Region Zealand who attended the event worked on a range of exercises enabling stakeholders to share their experiences, issues and concerns on how things had worked in the past and what they felt was needed to improve the current working systems in relation to managing extreme events. Three main themes emerged.

Citizen Responsibility

There was a desire for a better understanding and management of citizen responsibility in extreme events. For example, understanding how to prepare and behave during an event and emergency response volunteer management.

Emilie Rønde Nielsen, Special Consultant for Mobility, Climate, Innovation & Education, at the Capital Region Denmark said “The workshop highlighted the challenges of planning and communicating in an era of climate change uncertainty, both when it comes to extreme climate events but also in terms of longer-term climate change adaptation. Thanks to the committed participants, we gained a detailed insight into the complexities of these processes, as well as an insight into the cross-sectional approach that is needed to overcome silos and enable interoperability.”

Communications and Co-ordination

Broadly, it was felt that the improvements of communication systems should be a priority. Although municipalities and emergency responders are very busy and cooperation between them is going well, they expressed a clear need for higher political focus and allocation of resources. Secondly, they felt that municipalities should improve cross boundary interactions, although it appeared emergency services were more connected across boundaries. There was also a great wish for a common and shared platform for communication and data, so that all actors involved in an extreme weather event can find the same information in just one place.

Data and Simulation

Experiences were relayed on the low accuracy of some of the tools being used for flood prediction, in particular flood levels, causing an under-estimate of the water levels, and in some cases an over-estimate triggering non-essential road closures and health sector responses. Stakeholders expressed an interest in a higher alignment of data between the municipalities and emergency managements, as well as better opportunities to use each other’s measuring stations. They also wanted to know more about and how to access the types and range of tools available to assist both forecasting and adaptation planning, as well as clear national recommendations on which climate scenarios to use. Importantly, stakeholders expressed a desire to work on the simulation of emergency events, as well as work more on managed retreat options in terms of cost/benefit analysis of flood prevention measures.

The meeting ended with participants being asked who else should be invited to be involved in the DIRECTED work. The municipality and emergency responder representatives at the event suggested that national actors including the Hydro-met agency, regional actors, including health care system providers, Danish Road Directorate, dike groups, utility companies, the Homeguard, other municipalities and emergency management agencies, the police, municipality GIS experts and municipality communication staff, as well as community level emergency management volunteers and citizens involved in climate adaptation activity should be invited to participate in future events.  Clearly, this list of stakeholders shows the complexity of climate emergency management, but the DIRECTED Project hope through the management of this complexity through improving governance systems, making climate data and models more interoperable to enable local use and providing innovative data and communication through a ‘Data Fabric’, the sharing of data and information will begin to make local climate emergency management fit for the climate change challenges ahead.

For more information about the Capital Region, Denmark, Real World Lab please contact:

Emilie Rønde, Specialconsultant – or

Amalie Vestergaard Laursen, Consultant –

For any further information about the Project, please contact:

About this Project:
[This project is an Innovation Action under the Civil Security for Society, Disaster-Resilient Societies programme of the Horizon Europe funded by the European Union. Project details and a full list of participant organisations can be found on the link: Associate partners SEI Oxford and Oasis Hub are funded by Innovate UK and ETH Zurich is funded by The State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI), Switzerland]

by Tracy Irvine, Oasis Hub Ltd

01 Silos

Moving out of the silos

Learning to collaborate and manage increasing climate change disaster risks and climate adaptation together.

In Europe, as globally, we face an increasing frequency and intensity of climate-related extreme events caused by climate change. According to the global reinsurer, Swiss Re, in 2021 global flood events claimed over 2500 lives and caused US$80 billion in economic loss. In addition, Europe experienced the largest floods ever, as well the highest economic and insured losses for flood anywhere in the world in.

We were all shocked to see the news footage of flood damage and economic losses caused by floods in July 2021 in the Rhine Basin, Germany, where 220 people lost their lives and Euro 30 Billion of economic damage occurred in just one night, that even today, in 2023, impacts the lives of thousands of people as they recover from this disaster. It highlights how Germany, like most European countries, are unprepared for the potential scale of disasters in the future that are likely to be caused by climate change, ageing flood protection infrastructure and land-use changes. Indeed, ‘Swiss-re-institute-sigma-natcat-2022 Report’ (2022) predicts there is a long-term upward trend in climate-related disasters globally.

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Figure 1. 2021 Global Economic and Flood Losses; Swiss Re Institute-sigma-natcat, 2022

Therefore, Europe needs to step up its action towards Climate-related disaster management and climate adaptation.

Funded as a Horizon Europe project by the European Union, the ‘Disaster Resilience for Extreme Climate Events providing Interoperable Data, Models, Communication and Governance (DIRECTED) Project, seeks to assist better planning and information for disaster risk assessment, forecasting, management and climate change adaptation.

We believe that improved disaster management and climate change adaptation is not just about having the most scientifically advanced information at your fingertips, but equally important is the governance and information access and flow and the ability of different actors to understand and utilise appropriate information tailored to their needs.

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Figure 2. Swiss Re Institute (2022) Graph showing 10-year trends in disaster events; Swiss Re Institute-sigma-natcat, 2022

Our Mission objectives are:

Overcome silos between technical and political authorities of all levels, including organisations, sectors and disciplines by improving dialogues and communication among DRR and CCA actors and by promoting the exchange and integration of information and knowledge.

Leverage synergies, combine efforts and reduce the fragmentation within DRR and CCA domains, including addressing multi-level governance and different spatial and temporal scales.

Promote multi-risk thinking by means of a novel transdisciplinary multi-risk governance framework related to climate extremes (RISK-TANDEM) aimed at assessing, evaluating, managing and communicating multi-hazard, multi-risk issues in close collaboration with engaged stakeholders, practitioners and concerned citizens.

Build capacity and lasting real-world partnerships and collaboration between involved actors that will last beyond the project.

Exploit the power of open data and open science, improving capabilities (e.g. using a flexible Data Fabric architecture) to make use of scattered information for more effective decisions, including knowledge and tools developed within past, present and future research and innovation initiatives.

Working with local clusters of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) specialists at the coal face in Germany, Italy, Denmark and across the Danube Region we will facilitate ‘Real World Labs’ where local and national authorities, first & second responders, climate change adaptation planners, businesses, physical and social scientists will work together in these regional hubs to identify institutional barriers and silos and improve tailored and relevant information flow to organisations working within disaster management and climate change.

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Figure 3. Map of the Real World Labs – in the DIRECTED Project

We will also be demonstrating some existing scientific climate change risk assessment and adaptation tools developed previously in the science and insurance sectors and look at how the flow of this information might be made interoperable thus increasing more joined up information flows, easily useable by on-the-ground practitioners during emergencies and disaster risk planning and risk reduction processes.

One thing we know, is this will be a highly collaborative project, where the participants will need to step back, understand and collaborate with professionals from different disciplines. We think we have the team to make this happen!

In addition, we would like to converse more broadly with the disaster risk and climate adaptation professionals across Europe and beyond to bring greater understanding and knowledge exchange in the work we are doing, to achieve better and more widely applicable outputs from the Project.

And this is where YOU come in… We will be communicating through a range of social media channels about the work we are doing over the next 4 years. In particular, we have opened a DIRECTED Project Group on LinkedIn where we will talk about our findings from the Real World Labs, talk about some of the scientific disaster risk assessment, forecasting and climate change adaptation tools and how we might make them more interoperable and ask questions of DRR & CCA practitioners like yourselves, to help us think about how information needs to flow in disaster situations and more broadly co-ordinate knowledge exchange in this space.

Therefore, please do come along and join us on LinkedIn as we begin our Project:

For any further information about the Project, please

About this Project:
[This project is an Innovation Action under the Civil Security for Society, Disaster-Resilient Societies programme of the Horizon Europe funded by the European Union. Project details and a full list of participant organisations can be found on the link: Associate partners SEI Oxford and Oasis Hub are funded by Innovate UK and ETH Zurich is funded by The State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI), Switzerland]

by Tracy Irvine, Oasis Hub Ltd

Science Blog | Disaster Resilience for Extreme Climate Events providing Interoperable Data, Models, Communication and Governance